News Headlines
From news.glin.net:

Could it happen here?
Petoskey News-Review (2/5)
An ample supply of water that is safe for consumption, much like other everyday essential commodities such as electricity, is something most people take for granted until it's not available.

Racine, Waukesha mayors debate lake diversion
The Racine Journal Times (2/4)
As Waukesha, Wis., continues on a quest for Lake Michigan water, the debate over the issue persists as does Racine's opposition.

Ford plant's toxic groundwater plume creeping toward neighborhood
MLive (2/4)
Ford Motor Co. will be pulling groundwater samples from a residential neighborhood adjacent to its Livonia, Mich., transmission plant next week in an effort to discover how far a toxic pollution plume has spread from its facility.

Was Flint River water good enough to drink?
Detroit Free Press (1/31)
Flint River water is blamed for corroding pipes and plumbing throughout Flint, Mich., and elevating lead levels in children after it became the primary source of drinking water for the city in April 2014. But experts say the river may be getting a bad rap.

Report disappointing, says Restore Our Water Intl. rep
The Expositor (1/29)
An official with Restore Our Water International (ROWI) expressed her disappointment with comments made by the International Joint Commission (IJC) on a report released on Great Lakes water diversion.

Michigan governor: Flint water crisis could affect 'many more' kids
CNN (1/27)
It's too soon to know exactly how many children were harmed by lead-poisoned water in Flint, Mich., the state's governor says. But officials are bracing for the possibility of a much higher tally than what blood tests have revealed so far.

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Great Lakes Commission

General Definitions & Abbreviations

bgd: billion gallons per day

bld: billion liters per day

consumptive use: that portion of water withdrawn or withheld from the Great Lakes basin and assumed to be lost or otherwise not returned to the Great Lakes basin due to evapotranspiration, incorporation into products, or other processes (Agreement Article 103; Compact Section 1.2).

Great Lakes surface water (GLSW): the Great Lakes, their connecting channels (the St. Clair River, the Detroit River, the Niagara River and the St. Marys River), and the St. Lawrence River

groundwater (GW): all subsurface water

diversion: a transfer of Water from the basin into another watershed, or from the watershed of one of the Great Lakes into that of another by any means of transfer, including but not limited to a pipeline, canal, tunnel, aqueduct, channel, modification of the direction of a watercourse, a tanker ship, tanker truck or rail tanker but does not apply to water that is used in the basin or Great Lakes watershed to manufacture or produce a product that is then transferred out of the basin or watershed (Agreement Article 103; Compact Section 1.2)

intrabasin transfer: a transfer of water from the watershed of one of the Great Lakes into the watershed of another Great Lake (Agreement Article 103; Compact Section 1.2)

level of accuracy: the quality of data based on percentage of total volume and rated as 1) measured; 2) partially measured or 3) estimated,

level of aggregation: the quality of data based on percentage of total volume and rated as 1) originating from site-specific sources or 2) originating from higher level aggregate sources, such as county or census databases

mgd: million gallons per day

mld: million liters per day

other surface water (OSW): tributary streams, lakes, ponds, and reservoirs within the Great Lakes basin

threshold facility: a facility withdrawing in excess of the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Compact/Agreement uniform trigger level of 100,000 U.S. gallons/day (380,000 liters/day) averaged over a 30-day period. A threshold facility is determined by the total withdrawal (or consumption) of all sources combined (Great Lakes-St. Lawrence surface water, other surface water, and groundwater) rather than a single source.

tgd: trillion gallons per day

tld: trillion liters per day

withdrawal amount: the taking of Water from surface Water or groundwater (Agreement Article 103, Compact Section 1.2).