C-CAP Late-Date Classification of Ontario, 2000

Metadata also available as

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
NOAA Coastal Services Center/Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP)
Publication_Date: 200301013
Title: ontario_latedate_draft_091703.img
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: NOAA CSC, Charleston, SC
Publisher:
Other_Citation_Details The Late-date classification is based on Landsat TM scenes:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.csc.noaa.gov>
Description:
Abstract:
This data set is a circa 2000-2001 classification of the Lake St. Clair Shoreline of Southern Ontario, Canada. It is designed to complement the C-CAP classification of Michigan. The land cover was derived from Landsat ETM data, with training sites collected in the summer of 2003.
Purpose:
To improve the understanding of coastal uplands and wetlands, and their linkages with the distribution, abundance, and health of living marine resources.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19990715
Ending_Date: 20001021
Currentness_Reference: Date of the Landsat Scenes
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: 5 years
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -83.265533
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -82.107823
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 42.756435
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 42.046674
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Land Cover Analysis
Theme_Keyword: Change Detection
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Great Lakes
Place_Keyword: Coastal Zone
Place_Keyword: Canada
Place_Keyword: Southern Ontario
Access_Constraints: None, except for a possible fee.
Use_Constraints:
Data set is not for use in litigation. While efforts have been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages, or misrepresentations, caused by any inaccuracies in the data, or as a result of the data to be used on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Contact_Person: Clearinghouse Manager
Contact_Position: Clearinghouse Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 South Hobson Avenue
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405-2413
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (843)740-1210
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (843)740-1224
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: clearinghouse@csc.noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday-Friday, 8-5 EST
Native_Data_Set_Environment: Erdas Imagine 8.6 in Windows 2000 Environment

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report: No accuracy assessment was performed on this dataset to date.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Tests for logical consistency indicate that all row and column positions in the selected latitude/longitude window contain data. Conversion and integration with vector files indicates that all positions are consistent with earth coordinates covering the same area. Attribute files are logically consistent.
Completeness_Report:
The classification includes all anticipated land covers applicable to the region. All pixels have been classified. The NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service Report 123, discusses the interagency effort to develop the land cover classification scheme and defines all categories.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The initial (summer) Landsat scene was assessed for horizontal accuracy against existing land cover data for Ontario, dated 1966. Horizontal displacement was found to be equal to or less than 20m. Adjacent scenes and companion scenes for fall and spring were co-registered to the initial scene using a Space Imaging proprietary method. Subsequent registration accuracy was within 15m. Early-date scenes were co-registered to the late-date scenes using a Space Imaging proprietary method. Subsequent registration accuracy was within 20m.
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
There was no terrain correction in the georeferencing procedure.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Space Imaging Solutions
Publication_Date: 20031013
Title:
Coastal Change Analysis Project(C-CAP) Late-Date Classification of the Lake St. Clair Shoreline of Southern Ontario
Type_of_Source_Media: CD-ROM
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19990715
Ending_Date: 20001021
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: EROS
Source_Contribution: EROS
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
This classification is a final delivery for the NOAA C-CAP Michigan Project, created by Space Imaging Solutions, Ann Arbor, MI. The area covered by the corresponding image file is the Lake St. Clair Shoreline of Southern Ontario.

This late-date (circa 2000) map was created from 1999 and 2000 Landsat imagery, processed through cluster analysis and manual editing procedures.

Field data were collected by Space Imaging analysts in early June 2003, using windshield surveys ground measurements and aerial photo interpretations. In the field, polygons were drawn on the imagery for extraction of training data. At the time of the field visits, the change detection had already taken place, so the areas of change could receive special attention in the field. Data were collected to the land-cover level of the C-CAP classification, unlike the Michigan classification, for which field data were collected to Anderson level IV.

During this time, the Landsat scenes selected for the classification were georeferenced to the existing land cover classification for Southern Ontario, balanced, and mosaicked. The signature data were then extracted to form the training site database for each date. The summer mosaics were classified to Anderson level 1 using statistical cluster analysis with ERDAS Imagine and S-plus statistical software. Once the result was satisfactory, the seven level 1 classes were separately classified to Anderson level 2 using the same techniques. Fall (senescence) and spring imagery were used in conjunction with the summer imagery to separate various level 2 cover types. Fall imagery was used to differentiate the level 3 broadleaf species, since the turning of the leaves aids in separation of broadleaf types. Differences between spring and summer images were used to classify some wetland types using differences in water levels. Differentiation of urban types (high-intensity/low-intensity) was often made using a thresholding technique in Landsat band 1 (blue).

As the area of this classification was small, the decision was made to forego ancillary data modeling and proceed with the manual editing. One reason for this was that Canadian data at the spatial resolution needed was not easily acquired, and those datasets that were available were of low quality.

Manual editing was used to complete the classification, and to address additional comments made by NOAA CSC.

Process_Date: 20030601

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Pixel
Row_Count: 2267
Column_Count: 2868
Vertical_Count: 1

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Map_Projection:
Map_Projection_Name: Albers Conical Equal Area
Albers_Conical_Equal_Area:
Standard_Parallel: 29.500000
Standard_Parallel: 45.500000
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -96.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 23.000000
False_Easting: 0.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: row and column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 30.000000
Ordinate_Resolution: 30.000000
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222


Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: US Great Lakes Coastal Zone
Entity_Type_Definition:
US Great Lakes coastal zone as delineated by NOAA using scene boundaries, hydrological units, and county boundaries
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: unknown
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Class_names
Attribute_Definition:
Land cover Classification as determined by NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C- CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation
Attribute_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1 Unclassified
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
This class contains no data due to cloud conditions or data voids.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: N/A
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 2 High Intensity Developed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Contains little or no vegetation. This subclass includes heavily built-up urban centers as well as large constructed surfaces in suburban and rural areas. Large buildings (such as multiple family housing, hangars, and large barns), interstate highways, and runways typically fall into this subclass.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 3 Low Intensity Developed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Contains substantial amounts of constructed surface mixed with substantial amounts of vegetated surface. Small buildings (such as single family housing, farm outbuildings, and sheds), streets, roads, and cemeteries with associated grasses and trees typically fall into this subclass.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 4 Cultivated Land
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes herbaceous (cropland) and woody (e.g., orchards, nurseries and vineyards) cultivated lands.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 5 Grassland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Dominated by naturally occurring grasses and non-grasses (forbs) that are not fertilized, cut, tilled, or planted regularly.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 6 Deciduous Forest
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Includes areas dominated by single stemmed, woody vegetation unbranched 0.6 to 1 meter (2 to 3 feet) above the ground and having a height greater than 6 meters (20 feet).

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 7 Evergreen Forest
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Includes areas in which more than 67 percent of the trees remain green throughout the year. Both coniferous and broad-leaved evergreens are included in this category.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 8 Mixed Forest
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Contains all forested areas in which both evergreen and deciduous trees are growing and neither predominate.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 9 Scrub/Shrub
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Areas dominated by woody vegetation less than 6 meters in height. This class includes true shrubs, young trees, and trees or shrubs that are small or stunted because of environmental conditions.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 10 Palustrine Forested Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Includes all nontidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation greater than or equal to 6 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is below 0.5 parts per thousand (ppt).

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 11 Palustrine Scrub/Shrub Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Includes all nontidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation less than or equal to 6 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is below 0.5 ppt.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 12 Palustrine Emergent Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Includes all nontidal wetlands dominated by trees, shrubs, persistent emergents, emergent mosses, or lichens, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean- derived salts is below 0.5 ppt.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 13 Estuarine Forest Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes all tidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation greater than or equal to 6 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is above 0.5 parts per thousand (ppt).
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 14 Estuarine Scrub/Shrub Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Includes all tidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation less than or equal to 6 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is above 0.5 ppt.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 15 Estuarine Emergent
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Characterized by erect, rooted, herbaceous hydrophytes (excluding mosses and lichens) that are present for most of the growing season in most years. Perennial plants usually dominate these wetlands. All water regimes are included except those that are subtidal and irregularly exposed.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 16 Unconsolidated Shore
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Characterized by substrates lacking vegetation except for pioneering plants that become established during brief periods when growing conditions are favorable. Erosion and deposition by waves and currents produce a number of landforms, such as beaches, bars, and flats, all of which are included in this class.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 17 Bare Land
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Composed of bare soil, rock, sand, silt, gravel, or other earthen material with little or no vegetation.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 18 Water
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes all areas of open water with less than 30 percent cover of trees, shrubs, persistent emergent plants, emergent mosses or lichens.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 19 Palustrine Aquatic Bed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes wetlands and deepwater habitats dominated by plants that grow principally on or below the surface of the water for most of the growing season in most years.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 20 Estuarine Aquatic Bed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes widespread and diverse Algal Beds in the Marine and Estuarine Systems, where they occupy substrates characterized by a wide range of sediment depths and textures. They occur in both the Subtidal and Intertidal Subsystems and may grow to depths of 30 m (98 feet).
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 21 Tundra
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes treeless cover beyond the latitudinal limit of the boreal forest in poleward regions and above the elevation range of the boreal forest in high mountains.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 22 Snow/Ice
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Includes persistent snow and ice persist for greater portions of the year.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.


Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Contact_Position: Clearinghouse Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave.
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (843) 740-1210
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (843) 740-1224
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: clearinghouse@csc.noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday-Friday, 8-5 EST
Resource_Description:
CCAP Final Late-Date Classification of the Lake St. Clair Shoreline of Southern Ontario
Distribution_Liability: This dataset is not for redistribution.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ERDAS Imagine image file (.img)
Transfer_Size: 569 Kb
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: CD-ROM
Recording_Format: ISO 9660
Compatibility_Information:
ISO 9660 format allows the CDROM to be read by most computer operating systems
Fees: none

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20031013
Metadata_Review_Date: 20031013
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Costal Services Center
Contact_Person: Metadata Specialist
Contact_Position: Metadata Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave.
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 843-740-1210
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 843-740-1224
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: csc@csc.noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday thru Friday 8:00 am to 5:00 pm EST
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile

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