C-CAP Late-Date Classification of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan

Metadata also available as

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Coastal Services Center (CSC)/Coastal Change Analysis Products(C-CAP)
Publication_Date: 200301003
Title:
C-CAP Late-Date Classification of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: NOAA CSC, Charleston, SC
Publisher:
Other_Citation_Details This Classification is based on Landsat TM scenes:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.csc.noaa.gov>
Description:
Abstract:
This data set is a circa 2000-2001 classification of the Lower Peninsula of the State of Michigan. The landcover was derived from a classification created under contract for the Michigan Department of Natural Resources (DNR), and recoded to specifications of the C-CAP program. Training sites collected for the initial creation of the classification were analyzed with land-cover thresholds corresponding to the C-CAP classification scheme. Those that changed classes (deciduous forest to grassland, for example, because of sparse canopy closure), were traced to the pixels that they labeled. Those pixels were recoded to the appropriate class.
Purpose:
To improve the understanding of coastal uplands and wetlands, and their linkages with the distribution, abundance, and health of living marine resources.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19920501
Ending_Date: 20010929
Currentness_Reference: Date of the Landsat Scenes
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: 5 years
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -86.899159
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.823842
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 45.978233
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.270705
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Land Cover Analysis
Theme_Keyword: Change Detection
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Great Lakes
Place_Keyword: Coastal Zone
Place_Keyword: Michigan
Place_Keyword: Lower Peninsula
Access_Constraints: None, except for a possible fee.
Use_Constraints:
Data set is not for use in litigation. While efforts have been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the state of the art, NOAA, cannot assume liability for any damages, or misrepresentations, caused by any inaccuracies in the data, or as a result of the data to be used on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Contact_Person: Clearinghouse Manager
Contact_Position: Clearinghouse Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 South Hobson Avenue
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405-2413
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (843)740-1210
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (843)740-1224
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: clearinghouse@csc.noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday-Friday, 8-5 EST
Native_Data_Set_Environment: Erdas Imagine 8.6 in Windows 2000 Environment

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
A team of field investigators participated in collection of field verification points in November 2002. Data validation teams consisted of personnel from the NOAA Coastal Services Center. Each team was equipped with a portable color laptop computer linked to a Global Positioning System (GPS). The field laptop runs software that supports the classified data as a raster background with the road network as a vector overlay with a simultaneous display of live GPS coordinates. Accuracy assessment points were generated with ERDAS Imagine software using a stratified random sample in 3x3 pixel homogeneous windows. These data were used to determine the overall and categorical accuracy for the Michigan C-CAP data. Both windshield survey methods of collection and airplane reconnaissance were implemented to collect the accuracy assessment points. 2883 verification points were collected, plus additional points to illustrate misclassifications. The verification points were stratified across the land cover classes, but several sparse classes such as Palustrine Aquatic Bed and Unconsolidated Shore were severely underrepresented, thus the accuracy results for these classes were not statistically significant. Several tabulations were performed with the assessment point, beginning with the first draft. Several iterations were needed to achieve the desired accuracy with regard to, especially, grassland/agriculture splits in the Upper Peninsula, and Lowland Forested/Lowland Shrub/Emergent Wetland in the Lower Peninsula. The final accuracy estimate for the State Classification was 87.7% with a value for Cohen's Kappa of 0.86.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Tests for logical consistency indicate that all row and column positions in the selected latitude/longitude window contain data. Conversion and integration with vector files indicates that all positions are consistent with earth coordinates covering the same area. Attribute files are logically consistent.
Completeness_Report:
The classification includes all anticipated land covers applicable to the region. All pixels have been classified. The NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service Report 123, discusses the interagency effort to develop the land cover classification scheme and defines all categories.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Landsat scenes were georeferenced by Space Imaging to MIRIS (Michigan Resource Inventory System) base roads. Subsequent horizontal accuracy to the roads layer was found to be less than a Landsat Pixel (30m) . Early-date scenes were co-registered to the late-date scenes using a Space Imaging proprietary method. Subsequent registration accuracy was within 20m
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
There was no terrain correction in the georeferencing procedure.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Space Imaging Solutions
Publication_Date: 20031003
Title:
Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP) Bivariate Change Compilation for Lower Peninsula of Michigan
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Sioux Falls, SD
Publisher: EROS Data Center
Online_Linkage: <http://edc.usgs.gov/eros-home.html>
Type_of_Source_Media: cdrom
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19920501
Ending_Date: 20010929
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: EROS
Source_Contribution: EROS

Process_Step:
Process_Description:
This classification is a final delivery for the NOAA C-CAP Michigan Project, created by Space Imaging Solutions, Ann Arbor, MI. The area covered by the corresponding image file is the Lower Peninsula of Michigan.

This late-date (circa 2000) map was created from a pre-existing classification, the IFMAP (Integrated Forest Monitoring, Assessment, and Prescription) classification, created by Space Imaging under contract to the Michigan Department of Natural Resources, beginning in 1999.

Field data were collected by MiDNR foresters and biologists in the summers of 1999-2001, drawn upon 1:15840 aerial photos. Quantitative information was collected with the photos relating to species composition in the understory, overstory, and ground cover. Training data collection was stratified over the entire state with regard to ecoregion, sub-ecoregion, and TM path/row. Within each "eco-scene", we attempted to collect examples of each of the land cover classes present. The information collected was sufficient to classify the sites, both natural and constructed, to an Anderson Level IV class, though the IFMAP classification was designed to classify land cover to level III.

During this time, the Landsat scenes selected for the classification were georeferenced to the MIRIS (Michigan Resource Inventory System) base roads and balanced and mosaicked. Three mosaics were produced: spring, summer, and fall, for the Upper and Lower Peninsulas. There were several areas of clouds, both in the Lower and Upper Peninsulas, that needed to be patched by imagery acquired much earlier, as early as 1992. These areas are small. Once the mosaics were completed, the training sites were digitized and checked for consistency on each of the dates. The signature data were then extracted to form the training site database for each date. The summer mosaics were classified to Anderson level 1 using statistical cluster analysis with ERDAS Imagine and S-plus statistical software. Once the result was satisfactory, the seven level 1 classes were separately classified to Anderson level 2 using the same techniques. Some modeling with ancillary data was necessary, primarily to isolate lowland types from upland types. The ancillary data used consisted of a weighted combination of NWI, a presettlement vegetation layer, and the MIRIS hydrology layer.

Once the level 2 map was complete, the map was divided by TM scene area and level 2 class. To achieve the level 3 classes, different imagery dates were used depending upon the class. For instance, fall, or senescence, imagery was used to differentiate the level 3 broadleaf species, since the turning of the leaves aids in separation of broadleaf types. Differences between spring and summer images were used to classify some wetland types using differences in water levels. Differentiation of urban types (high-intensity/low-intensity) was often made using a thresholding technique in Landsat band 1 (blue).

Upon completion of the level 3 product, the map was disseminated among DNR foresters and biologists for field verification and checked for consistency against an older DNR forest database. The former step was very instructive in pointing out regions and sites in which the map accuracy was good and where additional work was needed. Using this data in conjunction with forest predictive models guided further supervised reclassification of natural areas.

From the IFMAP classification, a level 2 preliminary classification was made from a crosswalk developed between the IFMAP and C-CAP classification schemes. The IFMAP training sites were also recalculated under the C-CAP scheme. On average, 11% of the training sites did not directly crosswalk due to different land cover component thresholds. These training sites were traced to the pixels that they labeled, and those pixels were given the new C-CAP classification. This step produced a preliminary C-CAP basemap.

Since the Southern Lower Peninsula of Michigan was completed for the IFMAP project prior to the Michigan C-CAP project coming up for bid, the required 3-mile buffer into Indiana and Ohio was not made. The buffer had to be classified, and, in anticipation of the edgematching award, the decision was made to extend the buffer to 10 miles.

To accomplish this, the triple-date TM imagery used to classify Southern Michigan originally was subset to cover an area at least 50 miles into Michigan and 10 miles into Indiana and Ohio. These subsets were then classified using an unsupervised routine (ISODATA), and, beginning with the summer date, were summarized with the C-CAP base map. The summaries were then used to label the clusters when there was a clear majority cover type. When a clear majority did not exist, another date was chosen to re-cluster unlabeled pixels. After the three dates were used few pixels remained unclassified, and those were clustered with Southern Michigan training sites, or manually edited. Manual editing was used as well to edgematch the extension to Southern Michigan. At this point, NOAA CSC staff visited the Ann Arbor office, and performed an accuracy assessment by gathering points throughout the state, as discussed in the accuracy portion of the metadata.

Once the first assessment of the draft map was complete, comments generated from drop points collected with AA points were incorporated into the map, and the map was sent for another assessment. The Upper Peninsula was assessed separately from the Lower Peninsula, and iterations of comments and modifications continued for several rounds, until the target accuracy of 85% overall and 80% minimum class accuracy was achieved. Several classes, such as Palustrine Aquatic Bed and Unconsolidated Shore, did not have enough points for statistical significance. Scrub Shrub in the Upper Peninsula had not enough points for significance. There was a fair amount of confusion between pasture grassland and cultivated land, especially in the Upper Peninsula. This required a number of iterations to create a satisfactory representation. Much of the confusion is believed to arise from phenological variation and crop rotation.

Large urban areas from the IFMAP classification had a different appearance than those in other C-CAP products. The decision was made to filter the Michigan C-CAP urban areas to bring them into line with the products already completed. The model operated on contiguous areas of urban land cover greater than 2000 pixels.

After the classification was accepted by NOAA CSC, it was edgematched to classifications of the surrounding states. Edgematching involved using the overlaps between the state classifications and locating a path in that zone that would not produce a localized seam line. Subsequently, the overlap zone, including a zone up to 10 miles or more from the state border was edited as with the Ohio extension to equalize the classifications.

Process_Date: 20030601


Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Pixel
Row_Count: 16207
Column_Count: 11704
Vertical_Count: 1

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Map_Projection:
Map_Projection_Name: Albers Conical Equal Area
Albers_Conical_Equal_Area:
Standard_Parallel: 29.500000
Standard_Parallel: 45.500000
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -96.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 23.000000
False_Easting: 0.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: row and column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 30.000000
Ordinate_Resolution: 30.000000
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: US Great Lakes Coastal Zone
Entity_Type_Definition:
US Great Lakes coastal zone as delineated by NOAA using scene boundaries, hydrological units, and county boundaries
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: unknown
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Landcover Classification
Attribute_Definition:
Landcover Classification as determined by NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C- CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation
Attribute_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1 Unclassified
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
This class contains no data due to cloud conditions or data voids.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: N/A
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 2 High Intensity Developed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Contains little or no vegetation. This subclass includes heavily built-up urban centers as well as large constructed surfaces in suburban and rural areas. Large buildings (such as multiple family housing, hangars, and large barns), interstate highways, and runways typically fall into this subclass.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 3 Low Intensity Developed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Contains substantial amounts of constructed surface mixed with substantial amounts of vegetated surface. Small buildings (such as single family housing, farm outbuildings, and sheds), streets, roads, and cemeteries with associated grasses and trees typically fall into this subclass.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 4 Cultivated Land
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes herbaceous (cropland) and woody (e.g., orchards, nurseries, and vineyards) cultivated lands.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 5 Grassland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Dominated by naturally occurring grasses and non-grasses (forbs) that are not fertilized, cut, tilled, or planted regularly.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 6 Deciduous Forest
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Includes areas dominated by single stemmed, woody vegetation unbranched 0.6 to 1 meter (2 to 3 feet) above the ground and having a height greater than 6 meters (20 feet).

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 7 Evergreen Forest
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Includes areas in which more than 67 percent of the trees remain green throughout the year. Both coniferous and broad-leaved evergreens are included in this category.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 8 Mixed Forest
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Contains all forested areas in which both evergreen and deciduous trees are growing and neither predominate.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 9 Scrub/Shrub
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Areas dominated by woody vegetation less than 6 meters in height. This class includes true shrubs, young trees, and trees or shrubs that are small or stunted because of environmental conditions.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 10 Palustrine Forested Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Includes all nontidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation greater than or equal to 6 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is below 0.5 parts per thousand (ppt).

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 11 Palustrine Scrub/Shrub Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Includes all nontidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation less than or equal to 6 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is below 0.5 ppt.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 12 Palustrine Emergent Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Includes all nontidal wetlands dominated by trees, shrubs, persistent emergents, emergent mosses, or lichens, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean- derived salts is below 0.5 ppt.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 13 Estuarine Forest Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes all tidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation greater than or equal to 6 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is above 0.5 parts per thousand (ppt).
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 14 Estuarine Scrub/Shrub Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Includes all tidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation less than or equal to 6 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is above 0.5 ppt.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 15 Estuarine Emergent
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Characterized by erect, rooted, herbaceous hydrophytes (excluding mosses and lichens) that are present for most of the growing season in most years. Perennial plants usually dominate these wetlands. All water regimes are included except those that are subtidal and irregularly exposed.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 16 Unconsolidated Shore
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Characterized by substrates lacking vegetation except for pioneering plants that become established during brief periods when growing conditions are favorable. Erosion and deposition by waves and currents produce a number of landforms, such as beaches, bars, and flats, all of which are included in this class.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 17 Bare Land
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Composed of bare soil, rock, sand, silt, gravel, or other earthen material with little or no vegetation.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 18 Water
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes all areas of open water with less than 30 percent cover of trees, shrubs, persistent emergent plants, emergent mosses, or lichens.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 19 Tundra
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes treeless cover beyond the latitudinal limit of the boreal forest in poleward regions and above the elevation range of the boreal forest in high mountains.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 20 Snow/Ice
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:

Includes persistent snow and ice persist for greater portions of the year.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 21 Palustrine Aquatic Bed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes wetlands and deepwater habitats dominated by plants that grow principally on or below the surface of the water for most of the growing season in most years.

Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 22 Estuarine Aquatic Bed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes widespread and diverse Algal Beds in the Marine and Estuarine Systems, where they occupy substrates characterized by a wide range of sediment depths and textures. They occur in both the Subtidal and Intertidal Subsystems and may grow to depths of 30 m (98 feet).
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program(C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.


Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Contact_Position: Clearinghouse Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 S. Hobson Ave.
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (843) 740-1210
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (843) 740-1224
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: clearinghouse@csc.noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday-Friday, 8-5 EST

Resource_Description:
CCAP Final Late-Date Classification of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan
Distribution_Liability: This dataset is not for redistribution.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ERDAS Imagine image file (.img)
Transfer_Size: 106.452 Mb
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: CD-ROM
Recording_Format: ISO 9660
Compatibility_Information:
ISO 9660 format allows the CDROM to be read by most computer operating systems
Fees: none

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20031003
Metadata_Review_Date: 20031003
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Costal Services Center
Contact_Person: Metadata Specialist
Contact_Position: Metadata Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave.
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 843-740-1210
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 843-740-1224
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: csc@csc.noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday thru Friday 8:00 am to 5:00 pm EST
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile

Generated by mp version 2.8.21 on Fri Apr 15 09:35:00 2005